First Day at Home24 kWh of Chevy Volt PacksLED HeadlightsTrip DistancesStorage UnderhoodBattery InsulationFord Focus SpringsTiny CarGages Mounted more cleanly
OwnerKraig Schultz
Owner's Other EVs1975 Honda CB-125S
Human-Electric Hybrid
Sail Trike
2008 Custom BugE
Tilting Delta Trike
Schultz Engineering Delta-11
Motorized Mtn Bike 2 - Schwinn
Motorized Mtn Bike 1 - Hummer
1987 Kann Linear LWB
LocationGrand Haven, Michigan US map
Vehicle1990 Ford Festiva L
Bought New for Conversion to Lead Acid
Power in 1990. Driven 2,700 miles then,
stored inside for for 20+ years.
MotorGeneral Electric SB11346B51 Series Wound DC
23 HP, Air Craft Starter Motor?
99.4 V, 201A, 3285 RPM

FS 456 motor brushes, 1.240" wide x .5" thick x
1.5"-2" long with 3" leads
Drivetrain5 Speed Manual Transmission. Front Wheel
ControllerCurtis 1221B-7401
Ser. Number 58632
72-120Volt, 400Amp

400A/2Minutes, 250A/5Minutes, 150A/1Hour
BatteriesChevy Volt, 100.00 Volt, Lithium-Ion
Nov 2016 added another 10kW of Chevy volt
batteries, for a total of 24kWh

14 kWh of 16kWh Chevy Volt Pack installed Oct.

Pack is three, 100lbs. modules of 28 cells
each in plastic tool boxes. Each module is
about 4.5 kWh maximum capacity.

28 Cells/module Lithium Maganese Oxide x 3
modules in parallel. Each module fused w/175A

Each cell is 45Ah. 45Ah x 3 modules x 106V =
14.3 kWh Maximum theoretic capacity, but only
use 66% of that in real world driving to
protect battery cycle life. Run pack from 112
Volts to 100 Volts (4.0V-3.57V per cell)

for details of how volt batteries was chopped
up for use in motorcycles AND in electric car
(modular, quick swap).

3-11-16 Demonstrated that 7,000 Wh is max I
can get out of batteries during a 111V to 98V
discharge run. This is Batt. pack 1.
System Voltage106 Volts
76% Average Recharge Efficiency (kWh as
measured by Cycle Analyst during trip divided
by Recharge kWh from the wall measured by
Kill-A-Watt meter).

Enginer Brand Chinese Origin. Final output
less than pack max. voltage so no BMS/cutoff
required. Chargers charge and then quit
before needing to be shut off.

4 chargers x 1200W each = 4800W 2 of 4
chargers are 110/220V switchable, so I
can charge from J1772 when needed.

Re-Charge time with all four chargers about 13
HeaterNovember 28, 2015 Installed 1300 Watt PTC
heater from EVTV - better, but need to test
defrosting ability with snow.

November 15, 2015 300 Watt "Back Seat Heater"
was not enough to make a dent in cold.

Pre-Heat with 110VAC 1200 watt heater on
timer. If car interior is pre-heated before a
ride stays warm to destination. E.G. Start
at 90 degrees F, 10 miles later it's still
over 70 degrees F even when it's 30-40 degrees
outdoors. Also, helps with keeping window
clear of interior fogging.
DC/DC Converter
Extra 12V Battery
Instrumentation-Cycle Analyst (Amps, Voltage, Watt Hours) +
-Kill-A-Watt EZ meters from the wall
-Hoyt Trumeter Programmable Volt Meter (works
like a gas gage - and changes color based on
battery state of charge)
-Cell Log 8S x 4 to monitor individual cell
voltages in 1 of three battery packs
-Temperature gage inside one battery box to
monitor battery temperature
-Use Factory Speedometer for velocity and
-Android phone velcro'ed to dash gives
navigation and weather
Top Speed69 MPH (111 KPH)
69 mph on the flat with grill block and front
belly pan
Acceleration0-60 in 28 seconds.

but, keeps up with traffic if draw 30kW when
accelerating with traffic.
I drive using mostly 2nd and 4th gear.

I take off in 2nd gear to 20-25mph, then shift
to 4th 20-69 mph. It saves on shifting
effort and time. Car accelerates faster than
normal traffic 0-25 mph and slower than normal
traffic 25-69mph.
Range50 Miles (80 Kilometers)
Solid 50 mile range Highway and/or City

30 miles on Battery Pack #1 and 20 miles on
Battery Pack #2.

Have driven 58 miles on one charge (but I try
to not go below 100 volts at rest for each 28
cell battery).
Watt Hours/Mile305 Wh/Mile
Averaging 305 Wh/Mile from wall driving normal
traffic/commuter speeds (May 2017)

Averaged 289 Wh/Mile from the Wall for 4,810
Miles Feb. 2016 - Nov. 2016

On flat road takes this energy to go this
speed: 6,000 Watts = 40mph = 150 Wh/Mile =
187 Wh/Mile from wall

8,000 Watts = 45mph = 177 Wh/Mile = 221
Wh/mile from the wall

12,000 Watts = 55mph = 218 Wh/Mile = 271
Wh/mile from the wall
EV Miles
Start:2,750 Miles (4,424 Kilometers)
Current:11,896 Miles (19,140 Kilometers)
Total:9,146 Miles (14,715 Kilometers)
Seating Capacity2 in front seats. Rear seat was taken out
for batteries.
Curb Weight2,350 Pounds (1,068 Kilograms)
November 2016: Now 2350 after adding another
200# of batteries for 20 more miles range

2,150# includes 2 lead acid batteries that run
the 12Volt system, 4 chargers (at 5# each), 2
extension cords (10#), scooter (7#), charging
adapters including J1772 (6.5#)

Has 380 lbs of batteries (300 Lithium + 80
Lead Acid) + 60 lbs of charging equipment.

Has about 40 Hp peak in operation so that is
54 lbs/Hp.

With a Tesla Drive Train (416 Hp, 443Ft-lbs)
it would approach 5.16 lbs/Hp 4.8 lbs/ft-lbs).
Compare this to the 2015 Supercharged ZO6
Corvette that has 5.26 lbs/Hp, 5.42 lbs/ft-
lbs.. Someday, this little car may be a
Corvette Slayer!
TiresYokohama 372 All Season Steel Belted Radial
Size: 145-SR-12
Conversion Cost$2,000 purchased as is with Lead Acid
batteries Running vehicle.
(August 2014)

+$2,000 for 14kWh of a Chevy Volt battery pack
(April 2015)

+$700 for another 8kWh Chunk of Volt Batteries
(Oct. 2016)

+$400 for instrumentation (Cycle Analyst, Hoyt
Voltage meter, temperature gages)

+$200 LED lighting -

+$300 for battery heating pads from EVTV

+$300 for 1300 Watt passenger heater from EVTV

+$200 for Electric Vacuum Pump for power
brakes 12/12/2015
Additional FeaturesMouse nest smell from being stored. - Almost gone after lots of
cleaning interior - Ozone treatment helped a lot.

Electric Vacuum Pump for Brakes - Runs on 12 Volt system. Made car
stop - don't know how I drove it before. Very nice. Added December
12, 2015.

Use clutch pedal switch to pre-charge controller capacitors before
switching on the main contactor.

code by jerry