(former owner, EV has been sold)
|Owner's Other EVs||1992 Ford Festiva|
1993 Ford Festiva
1980 Jet Industries Electrica 007
1999 Solectria Force
1983 Mitsubishi Cordia
|Location||Atlanta, Georgia USA map|
|Vehicle||1979 Plymouth ETV-1 |
Custom crafted, one of a kind, prototype built by the Department of Energy in 1979. Was on display in the Oak Ridge, Tennessee Museum for many years prior to my purchase of it at auction.
|Motor||General Electric Separately Excited DC|
20 HP, 9 inch, GE custom made this motor to match the performance needs of this car.
|Drivetrain||Single speed, chain drive|
|Controller||General Electric |
400 Amp Sep Ex prototype Triple PWM controller custom made and tuned to match the motor and chasis. The controller was not functional when I purchased the car, so I replaced it with a dual voltage field controller and a GE EV-1 on the armature. The performance was not as good.
|Batteries||18, 6.00 Volt, Lead-Acid, Flooded|
Batteries were developed by Globe Union specifically for this application. The capacity was similar to today's T-125. They were arranged in a T shape under the car, between the seats, and over the rear wheels. During my testing, I used nine gel-cel computer backup batteries. 84 Volt on the motor and 12 Volt on the accesories.
|System Voltage||108 Volts|
|Charger||General Electric |
I don't know much about the charger that was originally in the car. It was removed before I bought it. According to the spec sheet, it was 115 V and charged the pack in 6 - 8 hours.
|Heater||I think it had heat, but I never used it. It did not have AC.|
|DC/DC Converter|| |
|Instrumentation||Battery fuel gage.|
Motor temperture sensor.
|Top Speed||70 MPH (112 KPH)|
Speed was regulated. Top speed was set at 70 MPH.
|Acceleration||0 - 30 in 9 sec|
25 - 55 in 17.6 sec
|Range||75 Miles (120 Kilometers)|
75 miles typical stop and go city driving.
Maximum range tested:
117 miles at 35 MPH constant speed.
100 miles at 45 MPH constant speed.
|Seating Capacity||Seated 4. Front seats were typical. Back seats were a little crowded.|
|Curb Weight||3,400 Pounds (1,545 Kilograms)|
Curb weight: 3400 lb
Loaded weight: 4000 lb (with 4 people)
|Tires||Low rolling resistance.|
|Conversion Time||It took the DOE years to build this car. When I bought it in January 2004, it took me 4 months to get it back on the road.|
|Conversion Cost||It cost the government (your tax money) over $1,000,000 to build this car. It cost me $5500 to purchase it and get it running.|
|Additional Features||Regenerative braking.|
Battery watering system.
Automatic brake lock (to prevent rolling when stopped).
|This car is a piece of EV history, and I am proud to have been the first civilian owner. Truthfully, it should never have been put back on the road. It belongs in a museum on display. I benchmark the performance of all my EVs based on this car. Unfortunately, it was not practical transportation and I had no intentions of turning my garage into an auto museum, so I sold it in 2004. The last time I saw the ETV-1 was when I drove it onto the trailed headed for Texas. I wonder where it is today? If any one ever runs across it, I'd be interested in knowing what became of it.|