solar citroensolar citroensolar citroencharging socket
OwnerUlrich Schmid
LocationTaurikura, Whangarei, Northland New Zealand map
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Vehicle1973 Citroen Dyane
basically a 2CV with a different shape
MotorAzure Dynamics/Solectria AC24 motor 3-Phase AC
air cooled motor 13 kW cont power
Drivetrain4 speed manual (original)
ControllerAzure Dynamics/Solectria DMOC445
inverter for controlling 3 phase AC motor,
air cooled
Batteries50 Thunder Sky TS-LFP90AHA, 3.20 Volt, Lithium-Polymer
The batteries are in marine ply boxes, fibreglassed on the edges. No noticable warming up after a steep uphill drive.
System Voltage165 Volts
a charger modified by BEV in Australia. it charges the batteries through a battery management system (also by BEV) at 6.95 A up to 210 V.
Heater12 V 300W hairdryer built in existing warm air duct. used only as demister.
DC/DC Converter
"Mean Well" DC-DC converter, 500W max
Instrumentation"e-xpert pro" battery monitor with 1:10 prescaler which gives me V, A, AH, as well as other functions.
Top Speed65 MPH (104 KPH)
can start in any gear but usually only use 3rd. use 2nd only to go up very steep hill, like my drive way! the 4th is convenient for highway driving.
Accelerationmuch much better than original ICE engine!
deceleration is excellent due to regen breaking!
Range63 Miles (101 Kilometers)
Due to the hilly area 100 km seems to be the maximum range.
Watt Hours/Mile235 Wh/Mile
EV Miles
Start:24,998 Miles (40,221 Kilometers)
Current:37,483 Miles (60,310 Kilometers)
Total:12,485 Miles (20,088 Kilometers)
    As of 3/6/2014
Seating Capacity4 adults
Curb Weight1,760 Pounds (799 Kilograms)
original curb weight was 620 kg or 1365 lbs and is now 800 kg
Tiresfront Michelin 125 R 15
back Michelin 125 R 15
Conversion Timeactual conversion time about 4-5 weeks spread over 6 months. I had the help of an electrician fortunately!
Conversion Costapprox NZ $ 25 000
Additional Featuresthe car is charged up indirectly by solar cells on the shed roof (5.4 kW system). solar power is fed into the grid at day rate and car charged from grid at night rate.
This car runs beautifully. only noise is the gearbox, the tyres and the wind! I use it to transport the children to and from school (bus stop) and to go to the beach nearby. All 6-20 km trips. Approximatly once a week I drive to Whangarei (nearest town) to do some shopping. This is a 70-75 km trip. I can keep up easily with ordinary traffic. So far the car has fulfilled all my expectations!

code by jerry