Owner's Other EV1991 ZAZ Pinguin Tavria
LocationZurich Switzerland map
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Vehicle1991 ZAZ Pinguin Tavria 1102
MotorBrusa M184CABVA Series Wound DC
Brusa Italy
Drivetrain5 Gears (no lock-out !)
Controller Elektrosistem Pulsar R40
max. 400 A for 1 minute
max. 131 A for 1 hour
Batteries14 Sonnenschein GF06 180V, 6.00 Volt, Lead-Acid, Gel
Original type has been Perion (Hungary) type
3VA 240
9 batteries are mounted in the back
5 batteries (plus 12 V battery for controls)
are mounted in front.
Up to now 1450 cycles with an average down to
2/3 of capacity.
System Voltage84 Volts
ChargerZivan PB
84 V / 30 A possible, but limited to 20 A to
have input current on mains side below 10 A @
230 V (most common plug rating in Switzerland)
HeaterElectric heater 1.4kW for passengers
Heating wire 250W for batteries
DC/DC Converter Elektrosistem CB-312 (2 parallel)
12 V / 3 A each
100-130 kHz
InstrumentationAnalog voltmeter
Analog ammeter
(connection between front and back batteries
is used as shunt !)
LED bar (8 LED's) for battery status
3 LED's for temperature level of motor
Top Speed56 MPH (90 KPH)
43 mph on approx. 2� upwards
69 mph on approx. 2� downwards (same track)
Range40 Miles (64 Kilometers)
The 40 miles is a guess and also from the
manufacturers data sheet for lead-acid
The longest trip made has been for 30 miles
with still some energy. To prevent deep
discharge of batteries, no own tests will be
made. The daily trip is twice 13 miles.
Watt Hours/Mile575 Wh/Mile
The daily trip is made with an average speed of
35 mph. The average consumption at mains plug
for the last 6400 km(4000 miles) has been 2 MWh.
EV Miles
Start:3,080 Miles (4,955 Kilometers)
Current:37,303 Miles (60,020 Kilometers)
Total:34,223 Miles (55,064 Kilometers)
    As of 9/1/2022
Seating Capacity5 Adults
Later built cars has been restricted to 4 seats
by type approval
Curb Weight2,460 Pounds (1,118 Kilograms)
Tires155/80 R13T M&S (Barum Polaris 2)
Conversion Timenot known, factory built
Conversion CostRestoration of car, all inclusive:
CHF 10'200.-- (approx. 9000 $)
Additional FeaturesSwiss type approval 1Z05 01, dated 1991-01-09
Youngtimer since 2011-08-12
Not in use anymore since 2017
The car has been used from 1991-08-01 for the first approximately
4000 km. The second owner drove the car from 1997-08-25 until 1998-
08-03 for about 500km. With 4953km on the tacho the car stands for
about 10 years.

This car is from the first series of this type. A slightly different,
second series has been made in Germany, see Markus' 1996 ZAZ.

With exactly 60'000 km the car stands now since 2017 with several defects. (MCU, batteries, chassis rusty). We'll see.

code by jerry